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Improving the room acoustics of a Marin home recording studio
by ct_acoustic_frontierJanuary 28, 2022
Scott S. is owner and operator of King Tide Audio, a music consulting company that has expertise across all areas of recording, including musical theory and arrangement, production, recording, editing and mixing.
Scott approached Acoustic Frontiers to assist with improving the acoustics of his Marin home recording studio. He had experimented with some DIY acoustic panels, but was still struggling with mix translation due to bass issues.
Acoustic Frontiers Solutions
This project followed our typical process for existing spaces:
As this was a local Marin home recording studio project we made an on-site visit to take the acoustic measurements required for the Room Acoustic Analysis. We found huge peaks and dips in the response under 300Hz, as you can see below, with very significant resonances at 25Hz and 60Hz.
[caption id="attachment_4173" align="aligncenter" width="800"] Frequency response for left, right and both speakers[/caption]
[caption id="attachment_4174" align="aligncenter" width="800"] This chart shows how quickly bass decays in the room. You can see that the resonances at 25Hz and 60Hz decay more slowly than surrounding frequencies, which makes them very audible.[/caption]
At Acoustic Frontiers, issues in the sparsely populated room mode region under 100Hz are the most frequent acoustic problem that cause problems with the mixing process. If a mixer does not have an acoustically neutral (i.e. flat) room then there's no way for them to know if an excess or deficiency of bass should be EQ'd or not. Of course, a mixer could use headphones, but most prefer listening through speakers. Below 100Hz speakers and room are inextricably linked in producing the "sound" that is heard.
Our approach to dealing with the sub-100Hz region in the most cost effective way utilizes all the tools at our disposal, namely:
Speaker / listener position
Notice that we put acoustic treatment last. Most people, when they try to fix bass issues, start with acoustic treatment, such as products marketed as "bass traps". The reality is these products are typically very limited in their effectiveness below 100Hz. It's not just clients who take this approach - many acoustics professionals will also not consider the design of the monitoring system itself as an avenue to pursue in the quest to achieve flat, non-resonant bass.
We take a different approach. We believe a prime requirement for a mixing or monitoring system is flat response to at least 30Hz - i.e. "full range". Our take is: if you can't hear it , then how can you mix it?
Typical two way studio monitors utilize a ported cabinet, and may only reach to 50 or 60Hz before their response falls off precipitously. Adding subs (yes, not just one) is therefore a no-brainer to get a full range system.
You may think that adding subs will simply make things worse - more bass = more issues, right? Actually not! Because subs are physically separate from the left and right speakers, they can be placed in locations in the room where they minimally couple to any room mode resonances. They can also be deployed in "mode cancelling" arrangements.
For more on our approach to managing low frequencies, please have a read of our free Bass Optimization eBook.
In this particular space, our analysis showed that the 60Hz resonance was height related (the 1st axial height mode), and so we recommended that two subs be placed at 50% of room height. This arrangement would minimally couple to the height mode and still provide natural cancellation of the 1st axial width (as the left / right speakers did already). We knew, however, that adding subs in the recommended location would make the 25Hz issue worse (there was unfortunately no way to locate the subs in a better position in this room due to practical limitations).
We also recommended a significant "beefing up" of the acoustic treatment to add more damping in the sub-300Hz region, and adding reflection control to the ceiling. Due to budget constraints, we recommended low cost, medium performance GIK products together with some DIY dual purpose subwoofer stands / acoustic absorbers as well as re-use of the client's existing DIY absorber panels.
After Scott added the acoustic treatment and subs to his Marin home recording studio, we made a visit to integrate and calibrate them. We used a miniDSP 2x4 for bass management and equalization.
After EQ, here's where we ended up:
You can see that even without EQ, the response with subwoofers and bass management is significantly flatter compared to the response shown at the beginning of this case study, save for the 25Hz issue which we already knew in advance would be worse. After EQ, the system is pretty flat, considering the limited budget available!
[caption id="attachment_4180" align="aligncenter" width="480"] Mixing room post-acoustic treatment - notice the two subwoofers mounted on DIY stands at 50% of room height.[/caption]
In the Client’s Words…
"As a mixing engineer and bass player, I could hear that my Marin home recording studio was lacking something in the lower register. I knew that I needed professional help designing a studio with acoustics that I could trust and enjoy. Acoustic Frontiers took my needs and limitations into consideration as they analyzed the acoustics, designed improving elements, and calibrated the equipment. I'm quite satisfied with the results. And I learned a few things along the way!" Scott S., Marin, CA.