Welcome to Acoustic Frontiers Blog

Creating a system you love shouldn't be difficult. The Acoustic Frontiers blog is here to help.

Video aspect ratios, screen masking and anamorphic lens systems

by Nyal Mellor March 25, 2013

Video aspect ratios, screen masking and anamorphic lens systems

This article reviews HTDV and film content aspect ratios and looks at ways to match content to display. These include manual and automated screen masking systems as well as anamorphic lenses and the ‘zoom’ method.

Aspect ratio describes the relationship between the width and the height of an image. 70-80% of modern movies are filmed in an aspect ratio of 2.35:1 or 2.4:1, meaning the image is over 2x wider than it is high. HDTV, however, uses a 1.78:1 aspect ratio. There are further variations on aspect ratio including the 1.88:1 used in US movies and the 1.66:1 European standard. The
classic movies of the pre-1950s era were often filmed in 1.33:1.

What’s clear is that there is no standard aspect ratio. We like to design our systems so they match the content that our clients typically watch. Usually this means a 2.35:1 aspect ratio screen but on occasion we might suggest something alternative.

The wrinkle with using a 2.35:1 screen is that virtually all (99.99%) projectors have 1.78:1 aspect ratio imaging chips. This means that some of the light output capabilities of the projector
are lost when displaying 2.35:1 content as those parts of the imaging chip are unused. Furthermore all content with an aspect ratio under 2.35:1 will be projected above and below the screen and will therefore not be visible.

Solutions to these issues typically involve using an electronic scaling to first vertically stretch the 2.35:1 image to fill the whole imaging chip and then using an external anamorphic lens to horizontally stretch the image to give it back it’s original aspect ratio. The anamorphic lens is typically mounted to a sled such that it can be moved in and out of the light path. This type of projection technique is known as constant image height (CIH).

In the last few years another technique has appeared which is to use memories in the projector for zoom and focus. With 2.35:1 films the projector can be zoomed in to fill the screen and with 1.78:1 content the projector can be zoomed out.

A related challenge is how to manage areas of the screen where images are not actively being displayed. With a 2.35:1 screen and an anamorphic lens the side portions of the screen will be unused with content under 2.35:1. If one uses a 1.78:1 aspect ratio screen (more commonly called a 16:9 screen) then with modern 2.35:1 movie content the top and bottom of the screen will be

Even when a projector is not actively projecting an image on some part of its chip there will still be some light output which will be visible on the projection screen. With low contrast ratio projectors these bars are often greyish rather than the near black seen with very high contrast projectors. These bars subjectively reduce the dynamic range that the viewer sees. For this reason masking systems are the optimal way to match screen with content.

Masking systems typically comprise black material which is manually placed or electronically pulled over the screen. Properly set up the content perfectly matches the unmasked screen size and perceived dynamic range is maximized.


Need help designing a projection system or choosing a screen, projector, masking system or anamorphic lens? Contact us now!


  • You'll have a system you love.
  • You'll experience audio-video like never before.
  • You'll have no doubt you got the best performing system for your budget.


Nyal Mellor
Nyal Mellor


Also in Blog Articles

The Art of Sound: Creating the Ultimate Listening Room in a New Construction Project
The Art of Sound: Creating the Ultimate Listening Room in a New Construction Project

by Nyal Mellor April 28, 2024 0 Comments

"The room was easily the most important upgrade to my stereo system. I think it sounds fantastic and considerably better than anything I've heard at a dealer or audio shows.” - Len W.

Continue Reading

Investing in Excellence: The Value of Working with Professionals for Your Home Theater
Investing in Excellence: The Value of Working with Professionals for Your Home Theater

by Nyal Mellor March 30, 2024 0 Comments

Clint, an avid DIYer, planned on building his own home theater to cut costs until he realized the complexity of the task. "One piece of advice I came across most often was to hire a professional. I was hesitant, but I just found myself going in circles and didn't want to invest in something I'd later regret."

Continue Reading

January 2024 Newsletter

by Nyal Mellor January 20, 2024 0 Comments

Dreaming of a home theater but think you lack space? Think again. In this month's newsletter, we present a client's story who faced the challenge of not having a designated space for a home theater.  While considering converting the garage, the plan proved more challenging than anticipated due to complexities in obtaining building permits. The project encountered exceptional challenges that required unprecedented solutions.

Continue Reading

Contact Us About This Product


Nyal Mellor, Founder, Acoustic Frontiers

  • (415) 524-8741
  • Serving USA & Canada
  • Fairfax, Northern California, USA

ask us a question about this product